Thursday, April 28, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Defining Love

Psalms 146, 147 * 148, 149; Ezekiel 37:1-14; Acts 3:11-26; John 15:12-27

Love has become a rather cheap and over-used word in our lexicon. We love our chocolate ice cream. We love some celebrity on Dancing With The Stars or American Idol. We love our car, house, that flowering tree outside our bedroom window. This is not the kind of love Jesus is talking about in this section of the Gospel of John. This isn't eros (sexual) or storge (familial) or philio (affectionate). Jesus is using agape here when we translate it as "love". The sense behind this word agape is that the mind, and not the heart, is what rules our interactions with people. This agape, this love, Jesus is talking about is what is to govern all of our personal relationships outside those that fall into storge, eros and philio. (familial, sexual, friendship].

This whole section of the Gospel of John is Jesus talking about love, the new commandment of loving one another as he loved the disciples and us. By what Jesus says today, it is clear that this agape-love about which Jesus is talking is a deep seated desire to do our best for those we care about. Part of that, as is clear in today's reading, is telling the truth to those we love. If we truly care for someone, we will tell them the truth - no matter how hard it may be for us to get those words out of our mouth. Many times, these truths don't hurt.....sometimes they do. Whichever way those words fall, if we are acting out of this place of agape-love, this place of intelligent and purpose-driven love, we will be carrying out Jesus' instructions to love those in our community, to love our neighbor, to love those who do not even know they want to be a part of our intentional Christian community. Jesus does not make it easy by our society's standards. If we live into these precepts Jesus is providing for us, we will find it is not only not difficult, but our lives will be far richer and sweeter.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: Untitled, jfd+ 2011

Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Abide

Psalms: 97, 9 * 115; Micah 7:7-15; Acts 3:1-10; John 15:1-11

Jesus uses the word "abide" ten times in 11 verses today. God abides in Jesus, Jesus abides in God, we are to abide in Jesus, we are to abide in God. Jesus will abide in us. God will abide in us. And Jesus ends today with "I have said these things to you so that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be complete."

Abide is defined (at least by MacWord) as: tolerate something, dwell, await something, withstand something. When I hear the word "abide" I think of the negative: I cannot abide this "thing" any longer! So what is Jesus getting at with his "abide in me and I in you". I do not think toleration is that to which he is driving. I think it is dwell, to live within. I think there is the connotation of being able to withstand anything when we have Jesus abiding in us, dwelling in us. Perhaps, Jesus is saying that we can await the development of the kingdom he is announcing by allowing him to abide within us. And what if this "I am the vine" and we are the branches, which begins our Gospel selection today leading to this abiding talk, is all metaphor. A metaphor for the indwelling of Christ in all of us, changing how we move through our day, how we interact with all those we encounter.

By involving ourselves with a church community, participating in the Sacrament of Holy Communion, eating and drinking that which has been infused with the real presence of Christ, we are doing a physical act of incorporating Jesus into our being, allowing his presence to physically, palpably, become a part of us, to dwell in us.

We are urged by our Gospel reading to allow Christ to abide in us. Our world view can and will change if we allow this miracle to be part of our daily lives, allowing that joy Jesus says will infuse us to be complete. This is so hard to make a part of our understanding of how the world works, and yet this is what we are called upon to do by today's Gospel. A tough slog today, but one worth the effort.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: Four Fold Action, jfd+ 2008

Monday, April 25, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: He Is Up And Around

Psalms 93, 98 * 66; Jonah 2:1-9; Acts 2:14, 22-32; John 14:1-14
for St. Mark's Day: MP: Psalm 145; Ecclesiasticus 2:1-11; Acts 12:25-13:3; EP: Psalms 67, 96; Isaiah 62:6-12; 2 Tim 4:-11

Yesterday (and actually the last three days) have been very busy ones for Church-goers, Church-volunteers, and those who derive their livelihood from laboring for the Church. The Monday in Easter Week is always a bit of a let-down. The excitement and the glory and the majesty of these last three days (and really all of Palm Sunday and Holy Week) is now behind us and there can be, not only exhaustion, but a feeling of "what now" pervading our thoughts. There should be, also, a "job well-done" feeling in the mix, but that sense of let-down can pervade.

This sense to which I refer is like the one we experience when planning for and then living through a big life-event: like a wedding celebration. The day after there is this sense of, well what now. I have always found, not only the Monday of Easter Week but, all of the Easter Season has this sense about it. I think part of that is caused by the Jesus who was fully human and fully divine, has proven the divine part by rising yesterday morning, truly marking him as different from us. That human side that I find so enticing now takes a back seat, and the divine takes precedence, as it should. But that pecking order of Jesus' nature, even with him up and around and among his disciples, still leaves me yearning for that which was before, that fully human side, that felt (and feels) all that we go through. I know that understanding of us is still true, but, at least for me, there is a sense of loss as the divine takes its rightful place. Perhaps that is just the melancholy side of my personality yearning for the past, as opposed to simply accepting the greatness that was, and moving on to the beauty and majesty of what will come.

Christ is up and around today, always with us. That fully human and fully divine person proves that distinction that makes him our Christ by being up and around. We are called to be up and around with him, ever moving forward toward that which is to come.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Photo: The Happy 90s, jfd+, 2011

Saturday, April 23, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Holy Saturday, Yr. One

Psalms 95 & 88 * 27; Job 19:21-27a; Hebrews 4:1-16; Romans 8:1-11

The Incarnate One lies in a tomb today.
Some say, resting.
Others, dead.
Whichever, resting on this sad sabbath or dead,
he is gone.
Gone as they knew him.
Gone to save them
and us
and those in between
and those yet to come.

On this sad sabbath day,
one we fill with busyness.
Of church readying.
Of readying for family gatherings.
Of traveling.
Take some time
time to remember
the manger
the tomb
and all that went between.

Joy comes in the morning,
or so say the Psalms.
When darkness surrounds,
think on the change that is to come.
Tomorrow a new light enters the world.
Entered the world.
And changed us forever.

Collect for Saturday of Holy Week: O God, Creator of heaven and earth: Grant that, as the crucified body of your dear Son was laid in the tomb and rested on this holy Sabbath, so we may await with him the coming of the third day, and rise with him to newness of life; who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: The Last Station, jfd+, 2006

Thursday, April 21, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Day One of The Great Three Days

Psalms:102 * 142, 143; Jeremiah 20:7-11; 1 Cor 10:14-17, 11:27-32; John 27: 1-11(12-26)

Easter comes to us just about as late on the calendar as Easter can fall this year. And because of that, we have the happy accident of Maundy Thursday, the first of the Great Three Days (the "Triduum"), being on April 21st, the day Holy Women, Holy Men: Celebrating the Saints has designated to remember Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury, who died in 1109.

Anslem was a scholar and a "big" theological thinker. He is remembered, for among other things, his "ontological argument" concerning the existence of God: God being "that than which nothing greater can be thought." He also is remembered for developing a spirituality based on a "faith seeking understanding." He defined this when he wrote "I do not seek to understand that I may believe, but I believe in order that I may understand. For this, too, I believe, that unless I first believe, I shall not understand."

Having Anselm's day of remembrance on the first day of the Triduum is most apropos. We enter today one of the great mystery's of our faith: Jesus' last supper, betrayal, persecution, crucifixion, death, burial and resurrection. What better theologian to fall on this day than Anslem? His teachings remind us to live into this gift of faith we have been given, to believe in order that we may, some day, understand.

At services tonight, with many churches performing the ritual of foot-washing, the Sacrament being moved to an Altar of Repose, an Agape meal, and than the Stripping of the Altar, readying the space and ourselves for Good Friday services, we need to remember our faith in order that we may live into and find belief leading us to understanding. A sacred walk into the mystery of these Great Three Days to us all.....

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: Cross Number 3, jfd+, 2007

Monday, April 18, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: The World Has Gone After Him

Psalms 51:1-18(19-20) * Psalm 69:1-23; Jeremiah 12:1-16; Philippians 3:1-14; John 12:9-19

The Gospel writer John gives Jesus no voice in this section of the Gospel. The crowds greeting Jesus, singing praises and yelling Hosanna are given voice. And the Pharisees are given voice saying "You see, you can do nothing. Look, the world has gone after him!" I'm not sure if this is prescient or wishful thinking or griping. Perhaps a bit of each.

Not one of those people greeting Jesus, nor his disciples following along with him, nor the leadership of Jerusalem understood who this guy on the colt of the donkey embodied: or to what torture and then new life he was headed. We are still trying to understand, figure out, allay doubt, believe, who that guy on the donkey colt was and is. And that is okay. It is part of our journey on Holy Week to walk beside Jesus and try and figure this out as best we can, to believe as best we can. The miracle, and the mystery, of our faith is that we can have those doubts, not be able to figure out, struggle to understand, raise an eyebrow to our desire to believe, and yet still have faith that in following along after Jesus, we are doing exactly the right thing. And in that following we are leading the whole world along with us.

Faith is a funny thing. All empirical evidence may point us in one direction, and yet our faith says, nope, our hope is that way. This Monday of Holy Week, listen for the faith-voice to point you toward the path that Jesus trod, and take a step on that road.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. D wyer. All Rights Reserved.
Photo: Magnolia Blossom at Cathedral College, 2006, jfd+

Saturday, April 16, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Tears

Psalms 137:1-6(7-9), 144 * 42, 43; Jeremiah 31:27-34; Romans 11:25-36; John 11:28-44 or John 12:37-50

We are given a choice, like yesterday, in Gospels from which to pick. One is the second half of the account of the raising of Lazarus and the other is Jesus (and the Gospel writer John) talking about why so many people did not publicly believe in Jesus.

In the Lazarus story, Jesus is met outside the village by the dead man's other sister, Mary, who had been sent to him by her sister Martha (who we met in yesterday's reading). She collapses in front of Jesus in exasperation that he hadn't gotten there in time to save her brother. He sees that Mary is quite upset and members of the crowd that had accompanied her were crying. He asks where Lazarus has been placed. Members of the crowd say "Come and see," and Jesus starts to weep. I am struck by John's poetic imagery here. At the start of his Gospel, John has Jesus meet the first of his followers on a road where he asks them "What do you want", and they answer him by asking where he is staying, and Jesus says "Come and see." And we have the same phrase used here just before he raises Lazarus from the tomb. And Jesus weeps.

The other choice of Gospel reading is a chapter later in John where, among other things, John is expounding on why people were secret followers of Jesus as opposed to publicly supportive. John says "Nevertheless, many, even of the authorities, believed in him (Jesus). But because of the Pharisees they did not confess it, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue, for they loved human glory more than the glory that comes from God." And Jesus tells them all that he is not there to judge but to save. And John goes all poetic imagery again by saying that Jesus won't judge but that the word will serve as judge. Harken back to the beginning of this Gospel....In the beginning was the word and the word became flesh and lived among us......

The human Jesus, the one who wept on the walk to Lazarus' tomb, is not judging those who don't believe or are afraid to do so...... the divine, the word is that which will weigh us.... We are all human and make mistakes, hide who we are, what we are, at times from what we can perceive as a hostile world. As we enter into Holy Week tomorrow, we are called to walk out of the shadows, and publicly say to the world "'Come and see' what I have seen and that which I know to be true." March tomorrow in the Palm Sunday sojourns so many churches make around their neighborhoods. Proclaim to all that we are Christian, we are different and world-changers. Defy those who would scorn or punish us for professing this truth. Take a public walk with Jesus, weeping at our side tomorrow, inviting all to Come and see.

A blessed Holy Week journey......

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.

Friday, April 15, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Gifts of Life & Love

Psalms 95, 22 * 141, 143:1-11(12); Jeremiah 29:1,4-13; Romans 11:13-24; John 11:1-27 or John 12:1-10

We are provided with an unusual opportunity in the lectionary of the Daily Office today: a choice of Gospel readings. In deciding which to choose, I read both of them. The first is part one of the raising of Lazarus, where Martha meets Jesus on the road having left her sister, Mary, at home. Martha professes belief in the resurrection and Jesus' saving power, and Jesus says (which is the opening verses of our Funeral liturgy) I am the resurrection and the life. Those who believe in me, even though they die, will live, and everyone who lives and believes in me will never die.

The other choice is one chapter later in John, where Jesus is visiting Martha, Mary and Lazarus (who he has previously raised from the dead) and Mary anoints Jesus' feet with very expensive perfume, wiping those feet with her unbound hair. Interestingly, this scene is mentioned in the earlier chapter, just before Jesus raises Lazarus. The Gospel writer is tying these two stories together. (It is kind of unfair to have to choose between the two.)

Both of these accounts revolve around Jesus' love for these three people (Martha, Mary and Lazarus), and their love for him. If we were to think of these encounters between Jesus and this family of two sisters and a brother in a metaphorical sense, what would we discern? Are these accounts about God's love and care for us, and our own love and response and worship of God? Is the new life we live as intentional members of a Christian community rooted in this gift of love that gives rise to new life?

As we enter into Holy Week in two days, these are some of the thoughts that can make that journey a richer experience.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Photo: Day-lilies from my terrace.

Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Power to Begin Anew

Psalms 119:145-176 * 128, 129, 130; Jeremiah 25:30-38; Romans 10:14-21; John 10:1-18

In John's Gospel selection today we have Jesus identifying himself as The Good Shepherd and saying that he is the gateway to entry into the pasture of the kingdom. He then says: I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd. For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life in order to take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have the power to lay it down and I have power to take it up again.

We know Jesus is talking about the expanding nature of the Christian community as well as his coming death and resurrection. Those initial individuals who may have heard these words did not understand this as we do. How can we take these words of Jesus, the power to lay down and the power to take up again, and apply them to our lives and the world around us?

We all re-create ourselves as we progress through life. We start a job, live in a particular place, and can become identified in a certain way. If we lose that job, change jobs, move to a different place, we are in the process of re-creating ourselves. That same principle can apply to our beliefs, our faith, how we interact in this world. When we lose something or someone that is precious to us, a sense of loss can overwhelm us. We cannot allow that place of loss be how we define ourselves, forever. Certainly it is a piece of who we are, but it doesn't have to define who we are to become.

Like Jesus says today about his own power, his own ability to lay down his life and take it back up again, so we too have a similar ability. We have the power to re-create ourselves, laying to rest those things that do not assist us in making entry through that gateway Jesus defines, into the pasture of the kingdom. We have the power to re-invent ourselves, re-define ourselves, re-create ourselves. What better time then during Lent for us to reshape who and what we, beginning anew the building of this kingdom, knowing that Jesus has led the way and that he continues to lead us, guide us and is with us on this difficult stripping and re-creation.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Photo: Ordination Moment, 2007.

Monday, April 11, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: Muddied Eyes

Psalms 31 * 35; Jeremiah 24:1-10; Romans 9:19-33; John 9:1-17

I wonder if the glass-clinking toast "here's mud in your eye" has its derivation in today's Gospel selection. (This is something I could have looked up prior to writing this morning, but that is not really the purpose of these reflections.) Today's reading from John can be a rather frustrating one, if we only look at it through a literal-minded lens. Frustrating because it raises uncomfortable questions.

We hear that this individual was born blind for the sole purpose that Jesus could heal him in front of the disciples and the people in his town. That does not sound fair at all, does it? That doesn't sound like the God who loves us, individually, as we were created. That sounds like an uncaring God who tramples on and is hurtful to individual lives so as to prove a point. We know that not to be true.

We also hear in this Gospel account that Jesus made a paste of mud and spread that mixture onto this individual's eyes and then told the blind individual to walk to the pool of Siloam to wash the mud paste away. If this individual was blind, with mud encased eyes, how'd he find the pool? This blind individual then recounts numerous times about the mud paste placed on blind eyes and the instruction and action of washing away the mud (and the blindness).

What are we to take away from this healing story of Jesus and the individual blind from birth, cured by mud and self-washing? This self-washing where this individual: received sight, was made to see, eyes made to open. There is an involvement by the person that is critical to the successfulness of this healing story: the self-washing. Perhaps part of what we are to take away from this healing story is that Jesus can only do so much to heal us, restore our sight, allow us to have opened eyes. Each of us, individually, has to figure out how to wash away that which obscures our sight and allow in the light of Christ. Is that blindness from birth a learned prejudice? Is that blindness from birth a callousness to the need of others that surround us on every side? Is that blindness from birth a narrow-mindedness to the wideness of God's love?

Perhaps we are challenged today to allow the words of Jesus be that mud-paste on our eyes which we can use to wash away our own blindness. Something challenging to consider this Monday of the 5th week of Lent.

Here's to mud in your eyes.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: The Happy 90s, jfd+, 2011.

Saturday, April 9, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: What is to Come

Psalms 107:33-43, 108:1-6(7-13) * 33; Jeremiah 23:9-15; Romans 9:1-18; John 6:60-71

In our Gospel reading from John today we get a precursor of what and where Jesus will be in two weeks. A group of disciples who had been following Jesus for a goodly period of time are grumbling among themselves about his recent teachings concerning the bread of life and the resulting eternal life......And they abandon Jesus....they walk away. Jesus then turns to the 12 apostles and asks "are you leaving too?" And Simon Peter pipes up "of course not!" But Jesus knows better.....and so do we. For two weeks from today we will be in the middle of the great three days, with Jesus in a tomb, abandoned and betrayed by those who have named him God's Holy One.

How often in life this kind of scenario plays out for us.....where someone, or some group has sworn allegiance and pledged support and love, and yet the abandonment comes. We see this, analogously, in the divorce rate. We have experienced this sharp pain of loss when friends have abandoned us for seemingly greener pastures glimpsed in someone else's heart. How we handle those losses, those betrayals can be an important part of our faith journey. When faced with these kinds of losses, modeling Jesus' bravery, sense of purpose, and devotion to God's calling are strength imbuing remembrances of how to muddle through to something better.

Life can be challenging at the best of times. Yet, we don't have to be pessimistic. Neither should we adopt what is best summed up by the Monty Python song: Always look on the bright side of life, da dumm, da dumdee dumm deedumm.... Yet, being realistic and at the same time living in the goodness of the here and now, balancing our understanding of the obstacles that surround us, allows us to move forward to a different and better day..... To find a way through the thicket that can sprout up around us during times of abandonment and loss. And we know, with Jesus as our model, that we are not alone on the journey out of the thicket, for God is there with us, as we follow the path broken for us by Jesus.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: The Last Station, Jesus Entombed., jfd+ 2006

Friday, April 8, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: The Living God

Psalms 95, 102 * 107:1-32; Jeremiah 23:1-8; Romans 8:28-39; John 6:52-59

Jesus is continuing his discourse on the bread of life, explicitly saying today unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you... those who do have eternal life.... and they will abide in Jesus, and Jesus will abide in them.... In three verses John recounts Jesus saying three times about the importance and necessity of eating his flesh and the drinking of his blood, thereby leading us to a new life, a different life, a completely altered life.

Besides, probably, being grossed out by what Jesus is saying, the folks he is talking to don't understand him. One of the many points Jesus is trying to drive home in this discourse is a "new" idea from the one who sent Jesus: that the one who sent Jesus is a living God, not some ancient relic, buried, or hidden, in the rules and laws that governed so much of the life of the synagogue. Jesus is using these very strong images of eating flesh and drinking blood to shake those to whom he is speaking, which includes us, into radically shifting our understanding of how the world works, of how we must operate in the world. Just as the living God sent Jesus and allows him to live and see and operate in the world so very differently, Jesus is saying so can we be part of that direct chain to the living God, by taking into ourselves these precepts, these understandings of how to live in the world differently. By taking into ourselves the flesh and blood of Jesus, that act is meant, as any nourishment does, to help transform us, help nurture us, help to strengthen us to be that change-agent bringing the kingdom's presence to light.

Jesus wants us to stand out from the norm that is considered culturally acceptable by understanding the world as he does, and as the living God intends it to be. What can we do on this Friday in Lent that can make the presence of this living God palpably real, manifested. to us and to those we encounter?

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Photo: The Chancel of The Church of St. Luke in the Fields, NYC.

Wednesday, April 6, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: A Thin Thread

Psalms 101, 109:1-4(5-19)20-30 * 119:121-144; Jeremiah 18:1-11; Romans 8:1-11; John 6:27-40

In the Sunday lectionary, during Year B (next year) there are three weeks in a row that can be quite challenging for preachers. These are the "Bread of Life" weeks - were for three Sundays in a row Jesus (in John) talks about the Bread of Life and his coming ordeal during Holy Week. We have a portion of those readings today. And even with the experience of having preached on those three Sundays (in a row), I remain challenged and inspired by these verses. There always seems to be something new that pops up.

Jesus said to them, "I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty." Whoever......hunger is gone forever......thirst is gone forever. For those in this world who live in abject poverty, for those who feel lost and forgotten because of unemployment, for those who grieve over the loss of a loved one, for those who live in loneliness, this promise by Jesus can seem like a thin thread, an almost insubstantial thread upon which to latch hope and faith that life will get better. People who find themselves in life's challenging circumstances need this seemingly insubstantial thread upon which to grasp to pull them through, or hold them steady, or pull them above the waterline that makes breathing, going on, hard.

This thin thread may seem insubstantial, but it is not. This thread is made of the strongest material and is always there for each one of us. It is not hard to hold onto, and being given that support, our vision can clear. This momentary respite can give time to steady ourselves.... it can push the panic, fear, depression, sense of loss, momentarily away, allowing us to see differently.... allowing us the opportunity to re-orient our understanding, breathe in anew... and take another step into the kingdom.

Life's challenges can feel so overwhelming at times, This bread Jesus offers us may at times seem insubstantial and not enough: but it is more than enough, no matter how thin the thread may appear to us. Hang on to that thread which is Jesus' loving hand offering us a different way through.

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: Cross No. 8, jfd+

Monday, April 4, 2011

Daily Office Reflection: From Us

Psalms 89:1-18 * 89:19-52; Jeremiah 16:10-21; Romans 7:1-12; John 6:1-15

Jesus feeds 5000 people today. People who are following him, who are looking for something to help fill a void in their lives, both corporate and individual. And at the end of this experience, before they try to "take him by force to make him king," Jesus instructs his disciples to "Gather up the fragments left over, so that nothing may be lost." And they do just that, gathering up "the fragments of the five barley loaves, left by those who had eaten, they filled twelve baskets."

If we look at this miracle story of the feeding of the 5000 through a metaphorical lens, and these quoted verses in particular, what would we see? Besides the Eucharistic overtones, other than the reference to the 12 tribes of Israel, how does this passage speak to us?

I am struck this morning that from the crumbs left over from our participation and involvement in the kingdom, there is more than enough for others to also find refreshment and fulfillment. Without our even knowing we are leaving these crumbs and leftovers, our intentional community can, and does, fill the need that is achingly all around us. If we can do this unconsciously, as those people Jesus fed today did, what more could happen if we consciously used that which we thought were crumbs and unneeded, for the benefit and inclusion of those we do not even see around us? How do we take those leftover 12 baskets-full and make sure they are not wasted?

Copyright 2011, The Rev. John F. Dwyer. All Rights Reserved.
Art: Panel 4 of Four Fold Action: Given. jfd+ 2008